2009年专插本英语真题和答案详细解析

来源:SOHU  [  作者:广州维多利亚教育   ]  责编:杨丽  |  太阳城亚洲

原标题:2009年专插本英语真题和答案详细解析

公众号【广东专插本报考】ID:gdzcb100

Part 1 Vocabulary andStructure (35%)

1. Nearly two thousand years have passed the Chinese first invented the compass.

A.whenB. BeforeC. SinceD.after

【答案】C

【解析】have passed 是现在完成时,句子意思:自从中国人发明指南针,到现在已经有几乎两千年了。"since"意为“自从…时候起”(现在完成时的标志)经常与“一般现在时”搭配,现在完成时强调过去发生的动作对现在造成的结果或影响,“发明”这个动作发生在过去,对现在的影响是已经有两千年了,所以选 C。 "when"意为“当…时候”,“before”意为“在…时候之前”,“after”与前者相反,意为“在…时候之后”,放在句中翻译不通而且也不能用于现在完成时。

2. They lost their way in the forest,and made matters worse was night began to fall.

A. thatB. itC. whatD. which

【答案】C

【解析】句子意思:他们在森林中迷路了而且让问题更糟糕的是夜晚的到来。and 后面的句子中谓语动词是 was,而 was 前面应该是主语,所以此句是一个主语从句,从句中又缺少主语,要用 what 来引导,所以选 C, that 引导主语从句时,不充当成分,不能省略,没有实际意思,而在从句中,空缺部分作主语,只能用 what 引导;it 不能引导主语从句; which 是有选择范围的,充当表语和定语,表示哪一个。

3. leisure was generally considered a waste of time.

A. Not until recentlyB. Not recentlyC. Until recentlyD. Recently until

【答案】C

【解析】本题考点是 not...until...和 until 的区别用法,把 Not until 放在句首,句子要部分倒装,即“助动词+主语+谓语”,但给出的句子是正常的语序,没有倒装,只是“until/till+时间点”的句型,谓语动作持续发生到 until/till 后面的时间点, until recently 作为时间状语,放在句子前后都是可以的,所以选 C,排除 A。B.Not recently在句中翻译不通,D. Recently until 写法有误。

4. that this region was so rich in natural resources.

A. Little he knewB .Little he did knowC. Little did he knowD. Little he had known

【答案】C

【解析】部分倒装句,是对“he knew little”的倒装,否定词 little 放在句首,助动词 did要提前,其他不变,所以选 C。其他三项都没有提前助动词。

5. After a meal in a restaurant,one asks the waiter for the.

A. payB.billC.charge

D.note

【答案】B

【解析】bill 指账单,吃饭付钱,向服务员要的是“账单”,选 B。pay 是付钱,charge是费用,note 有纸币的意思,与题意不符。

6.Ifyou are walking away fro a clock tower,you will hear the ticking of the clock fade to a pointit cannot be heard.

A. whichB. whatC. whereD. how

【答案】C

【解析】句子意思:如果你一直向远离钟塔的方向走去,你会听到钟声在逐渐变弱,直到你听不到它。这是个定语从句,

横线前的 point 作为先行词指的是某个地点,选 where,选 C。定语从句中先行词是 case,point,stage,situation,position,

condition 时,指的是地点,从句一般由 where 引导。

7. To our disappointment, Bill to win the very important game.

A. servedB. failedC. managedD. enjoyed

【答案】B

【解析】 to our disappointment 意思是令我们失望的是……,意味着接下来说的是不好的事情,fail to 是失败的意思,所

以选 B。serve to 表示“作为、用于、服务”,manage to 表示“设法做到”,enjoy to表示“喜欢、享受做某事”,放在句中都不合适。

8. For the whole period of two months, there no rain in this area. Now the crops are dead.

A. isB. wasC. has beenD. have been

【答案】C

【解析】句子意思:整整两个月这个地方都没下雨,现在庄稼都死了。Now the crops are dead 说明了过去发生的动作对现在造成的结果,所以用现在完成时,又因主语是 no rain,单数概念,因此助动词用单数 has,故选 C。A 是一般现在时,B 是一般过去时,D错在 have 用于可数名词复数。

9. You must try to looking after yourself.

A. get accustomed toB. get along withC. get byD. get off

【答案】A

【解析】意思理解题。A.表示“习惯于”,B 表示“与……相处”,C 是过得去,D 是动身,从……下来,根据意思,应该选 A,意思:你必须努力习惯照顾你自己。其他选项与句意不符。

10. I know this job of mine isn’t well paid; ,I don’t have to work long hours.

A. on the one handB. on the contrary C. however D. otherwise

【答案】C

【解析】A,是一方面,B 是相反,C 是然而,表示转折,D 否则。句中说,我觉得我的工作工资不高,紧接着说我不需要长时间工作,上下句是转折关系,所以选 C。

11. Theand more educated people in the East have, to a great extent, taken up the table

manners and customs of the West.

A. rich

B. richerC. poor

D. poorer

【答案】B

【解析】and 前后的词时态、语态都要一致,more educated 表示更有教养,那么填的词必须也是意思相近而且是比较级,所以选 B 更富有的。

12. suggestions you make, he will turn a deaf ear to them.

A. WhatB. WhichC. WhateverD. However

【答案】C

【解析】A. 是什么,B. 是哪一个,C. 是无论什么,D. 无论如何。根据题意理解,应该是无论你提什么意见,他都充耳不闻。故选 C。

13. Mr. Johnson, together with his wife and two daughters,to arrive on the evening flight.

A. are going B. areC. willD. is

【答案】D

【解析】真正的主语只有 Mr.Johnson 一个人,A、B 是复数,C.will 后面直接加动词原形,不加 to,所以只能选 D。

14. The meeting is for the purpose of discussing how to prevent crime.

A. detailedB. specificC. limitedD. sophisticated

【答案】B

【解析】A 是详细的,B 是特定的,C 是有限的,D 是复杂的。根据题意,应该是

15. The of College English Tests is to help students learn English better, isn’t it?

A. objectiveB. SubjectC. ObjectingD. aiming

【答案】A

【解析】A 是目的,B 是主题,C 是物体,D 是动名词,直接用 aim(目标)比较合适。根据题意,意思是“大学英语考试的目的”,所以选 A。

16. The newspaper severe punishment for all who had been involved in this incident.

A. applied for

B. called forC. looked forD. paid for

【答案】B

【解析】A.是申请,B.是要求,C.是寻找,D.是付款。根据题意,“要求”比较符合句意,句子大意是“这家报纸要求严惩所有谁参与了这一事件”,所以选 B。

17. By trading, both countries get good products from abroad for they would cost if made at home.

A. less thanB. more thanC. little thanD. fewer than

【答案】A

【解析】空格的内容修饰 cost 花费,不可数,比较级用 less than,less than it would cost 是 for 的宾语,这里的 for 用于表示数量,句子意思是:通过贸易,两国都可以用比在本国少的费用从国外得到优质的产品,所以选 A。B 是多于,题中应该是“更少的花费”;C..little 是动词原形,不是比较级,没有 little than 的用法;D.是可数名词的比较。

18. He was by the army because of his poor eye-sight.

A. rejectedB. stoppedC. DeclinedD. prevented

【答案】A

【解析】根据句意,空格应填“拒绝”,意思是:他因为视力不好被军队拒收,所以选 A。B是停止,C 是下降,D 是保护。

19. At the moment, people from all comers of the country offered their help to the earthquake survivors.

A. meaningfulB. criticalC. BeneficialD. useful

【答案】B

【解析】critical 是“关键的”,句子意思:在关键时刻,国家所有人向地震灾区的幸存者提供援助。所以选 B。A 是有意义的,C 是有益的,D 是有用的。代入句中与句意不符。

20. I was_when I learnt that your application for the post of secretary had been unsuccessful.

A. regretfulB. regrettedC. RegrettableD. regretting

【答案】A

【解析】regretful:惋惜的,遗憾的,主语是人。本句大意为:听说你申请秘书职位没有成功,我感到很遗憾。所以选 A。C 主语应该是物,表示“令人遗憾的”;regret 加了 ed 或者 ing 没有形容词的性质,只是时态的变形,所以 B、D 不选。

21. Who is the greatest man?

A. livingB. livelyC. liveD. alive

【答案】D

【解析】alive 表示“活着的”,是表语形容词,通常置于连系动词后,stay / keep alive,,如果作定语,需置于名词之后,句子意思:谁是活着的最伟大的人?所以选 D。A活的,现存的,直接修饰名词,应为“living man”,故排除;B“活泼的、生动的”,与题意不符;C 多用于动词。

22. I never had the_to hear him play the piano.

A. contactB. contest

【解析】opportunity“机会”的意思,根据题意,应是“我从未有机会听他弹奏钢琴”,所以选 D。A 是接触、联系;B是竞赛;C 是可能性,代入都与题意不符。

23. of money prevented us from taking a holiday this year.

A. LimitationB. FreedomC. ExpenseD. Lack

【答案】D

【解析】B(自由)、C(费用)显然与题意不符,先排除。A 是“限制,限度”,用在这里似乎也说得过去,但前面要用定冠词 the。 lack 不需要定冠词,固定搭配 lack ofsth。所以选 D。

24. These shops normally in old antique (古董)items, not in modern ones.

A. majorB. pull

C. specializeD. get

【答案】C

【解析】major in 是“主修,主攻”,pull in 是“吸入,拉动”,specialize in“专门从事,主营”,get in 是“进入,收获”。根据题意,应为“这些店铺一般都是主营老古董,而不是现代的东西”,specialize in 比较合题意,所以选 C。

25. Physics is the equivalent of used to be called natural philosophy.

A. thatB. all

C. whichD. what

【答案】D

【解析】分析句子结构,of 后面跟的必定是名词结构,可以是名词,代词或者动名词,又或者是名词性从句。而 what 引导的从句就是名词性从句,句意:物理学相当于过去被称为自然哲学的东西。所以选 D。all 放在句中与句意不符。

26. The government uses opinion polls to learn what people think about many social.

A. issuesB. subjectsC. questions D. objects

【答案】A

【解析】B(科目,学科)、D(物体)明显可以先排除,根据题意,应填“问题”, questions 是指学习一类的问题,所以这里用 issues 更合适一些,所以选 A。

27. Her father nothing in her education that might make her the most accomplished (有造诣的)woman of the age.

A. omittedB. thoughtC. paidD. thanked

【答案】A

【解析】paid 是付出,没有付出,不合句意;而 thought,thanked 是不及物动词,不能直接接宾语,故排除;只能选 omitted,没有忽略事情,所以选 A。

28. Many difficulties have as a result of the exchange over to a new type of fuel.

A. existed

B. raised

C. arisen D. aroused

【答案】C

【解析】A 是存在,B 是举起、抚养,C 是出现,D 是唤醒。根据题意,应为“很多难题已经出现”,所以选 C。

29. We moved to the front row we could hear and see better.

A. so asB. so thatC. becauseD. such that

【答案】B

【解析】A“只要”,B“为了,以便”,C“因为”,D“如此……以致”。根据句意,应为“我们移到前面一排以便看得更清楚”,所以选 B。

30. My father me by saying that I could win in the speech contest, so I took part in it.

A. Discouraged

B. Encouraged

C. preventedD. asked

【答案】B

【解析】that 后面说的是我能赢得这次演讲比赛,所以空格应填“鼓励 encouraged”,所以选 B。A 是劝阻,C 是阻止,D 是询问,都与句意不符。

31. While your imagination, you should be alone and completely undisturbed.

A. exercisingB. ExercisesC. to exercise

【答案】A

【解析】you 和 exercise 之间是主动关系,用 exercising,如果是被动关系,用 exercised。句中是主动关系。B、C 用在这里不合适,所以选 A.

32. You must have said something to her, as she was crying after talking with you.

A. defendB. offend

C. confuseD. offer

【答案】B

【解析】A 是辩护、防护;B 是冒犯、使不愉快;C 是使困惑;D 是提供。句中 as 后面说的是她在和你谈话后就哭了,所以前面说的应该是“你一定是说的什么冒犯她的话”,所以选 B,其他选项与句意不符。

33. The roommates should to clean their dormitoiy.

A. take sidesB. take turnsC. give upD. give off

【答案】B

【解析】A 是偏袒,B 是轮流,C 是放弃,D 是发出。按句意,应该是“轮流清洁宿舍”,所以选 B。

34. We will manage to all the debt within two years.

A. pay forB. give backC. give awayD. pay off

【答案】D

【解析】A 是付钱,B 是归还,C 是放弃、分发,D 是还清。根据题意,应为“还清所有债款”,所以选 D。

35. Jack and Jane announced their to their colleagues and everyone is waiting for their

marriage.

A. Engagement

B. investmentC. AppointmentD. arrangement

【答案】A

【解析】句中 marriage“结婚”,所以空格填的应是意思相近的词,engagement 意为“订婚”,所以选 A。B 是投资,C是约会,D 是安排,与句意不符。

Part II Reading Comprehension (40%)

Passage 1

Once it was considered good to keep the car engine idling a minute or two following cold starts. Today, with modem technology, the opposite is true. An engine operating under road conditions will warm up faster and nun more efficiently than the one that is idling. Idling just bums gas (on average, about a gallon an hour).

When you have a full tank of gas, park the car downhill. This will prevent any gas from coming out of the tank. Parking in areas of less or no sunlight helps prevent the gas from steaming that would occur if you parked in the hot sun. Your car will stay cooler, too, and that means less gas consuming work for the air conditioner once the engine is started.

Stay away from wide-track tires if you want top mileage (汽车耗费 1 加仑油所行驶的路程)。

Narrow-track tires produce less friction and thus less rolling resistance. The same effect is achieved by adding three to five pounds above recommended pressure to each tire; while this won"t noticeably affect your car"s sliding quality, it will increase tire life and gas mileage.

Check tire pressure often, especially when the weather turns cold. The difference between winter and summer tire pressure can be as much as eight pounds. This could cost you two miles per gallon.

36. The main purpose of the passage id to tell us.

A. how to drive faster

B. how to drive a car properly

C. how to make a car run smoothly

【答案】D

【解析】主旨大意题。由第二段中的第二句和第三句“…prevent any gas from coming out of the tank”(防止汽油被用掉)和“…prevent the gas from steaming…”(防止汽油蒸发)以及第三段最后的 “…it will increase tire life and gas mileage” (增加轮胎寿命和单位汽油所行驶的里程)等都可以看出文章提到最多的就是关于如何省油的问题,故四个选项中只有 D 项(如何让你的车消耗更少的汽油)最符合文章的写作意图。A 是如何更快地开车,B 是如何合理地开车,C 是如何让车子平稳地行驶。

37. According to the passage, keeping the engine running idly.

A. will just waste gasB. will warm it up more quickly

C. will make it work more efficientlyD. is necessary in cold weather

【答案】A

【解析】题目问保持引擎的空运转会怎样,“running idly”可以找到文章第一段的“Idling just bums gas”,空运转只会消耗汽油,和 A 选项(浪费汽油)意思相近,所以选 A。B 是会是引擎更快地热起来,C 是会使引擎更有效率地运作,

D 是在冷的时候是必要的。这三项都未提及。

38. Parking your car in a cool place.

A. will take it longer to warm up the engine

B. means less gas consumption for the air conditioner

C. prevents any gas from coming out of the tank

D. helps start your car more easily

【答案】B

【解析】“Parking your car in a cool place ”定位到第二段第三句“Parking in areas of less or no sunlight …Your car will stay cooler, too, and that means less gas consuming work for the air conditioner ”,和 B 选项(意味着空气调节机更少的气体消耗)是一样的。A 是要花更长的时间使引擎变热,C 是阻止汽油被用掉,D是帮车子更容易地启动。

39. Wide-track tires.

A. won’t noticeably affect your car’s sliding qualityB. can increase tire life

C. will increase rolling resistanceD. helps attain top gas mileage

【答案】C

【解析】“Wide-track tires” 定位到“Stay away from wide-track tires…Narrow-track tires produce less friction and thus less rolling resistance”窄轮距轮胎引起更少的摩擦,因此是更少的滚动阻力。而题目问的是 Wide-track tires 宽轮距轮胎,所以是和窄轮距相反,即增加滚动阻力,对应 C 选项。A 是不明显地影响车子的滑行质量,B 是增加轮胎寿命,D是帮助实现最大的单位汽油行驶路程。

40. Tire pressure changes.

A. in different weather conditionsB. when narrow-track tires are used

C. in different road conditions D. when wide-tiack tyres are used

【答案】A

【解析】“Tire pressure changes” 定位到最后一段的“ Check tire pressure often, especially when the weather turns cold. The difference between winter and summer tire pressure can be as much as eight pounds”讲的是夏天、冬天轮胎气压的差异,所以是因天气条件而不同,选 A。B 是使用窄轮距轮胎时,C 是因道路状况不同,D 是使用宽轮距轮胎时。

Passage 2

A major incentive(动力)for college attendance is the belief that it will prepare you for a

career. Chances are that the career you want, whether in nursing, counseling, law, or management, requires a college education. Even i

would probably rather he a relatively poorly paid lawyer than a secretary or a construction worker; you would probably rather be a manager than a managee. In the sense that a degree is increasingly required for even middle-level jobs, your investment in a college education will still pay off.

It can pay off in other ways too. It is a value judgment to say that a college education will make you a better person, but it is a value judgment that the vast majority of college graduates are willing to make. Survey after survey demonstrates that people feel very positive about their college education, believing that it has made them better and more tolerant people.

Whether it makes you a better person or not, a college education is likely to have a lasting effect on your knowledge and values. If you finish college, you will sit through 30 to 45 different courses. Even the least dedicated student is bound to learn something from these courses. In addition, students learn informally. Whether you go to college in your hometown or across the country, college will introduce you to a greater diversity of people than you"re likely to have experienced before. This diversity will challenge your mind and broaden your horizons.

As a result of formal and informal learning, college graduates are more knowledgeable about the world around them, more tolerant and less prejudiced, more active in public and community affairs, and, more open to mew ideas.

41. It is apparent from the passage that people go to college mainly because they believe . A. a college education will provide them with a guarantee of success in life

B. the economy of their country can"t absorb an army of untrained youngsters C. a college education will make them better qualified for a career

D. the investment in a college education can bring a higher economic return than before

【答案】C

【解析】事实细节题。定位到文章第一句“A major incentive(动力)for college attendance is the belief that it will prepare you for a career”可知“人们上大学的动力是他们坚信上大学能够为职业生涯提供帮助和准备”,对应 C 选项(大学教育能给他们更好的事业资格),所以选 C。A 是能提供生活中成功的保障,B 是他们国家的经济不能承受未受训练的年轻人组成的军队,D 是大学教育的投入能比以前带来更高的经济回报。三项都与题意无关。

42. We can learn from the second paragraph that.

A. college can hardly help people become better citizens

B. most college graduates refuse to make any comment on their college education

C. a college education may not be the best thing for everyone

D. people consider their college education to be of great worth

【答案】D

【解析】第二段中“It can pay off in other ways too. It is a value judgment to say that a college education will make you a better person… believing that it has made them better and more tolerant people”,意思是大学教育在其他方面也能得到回报,能让你成为更好的人和更有才能,对应 D 选项:人们觉得大学教育非常有价值,所以选 D。A 是几乎不能帮

助人们成为更好的公民,B 是大多数毕业生拒绝评论他们的大学教育,C 是大学教育不是对每个人都是最好的。这三项不符。

43. The word "dedicated" (Line 3, Para. 3) could best be replaced by.

A. hardworkingB. competentC. intelligentD. conservative

【答案】A

【解析】“Even the least dedicated student is bound to learn something from these courses”,dedicated 是专注的,和

“hardworking 努力工作的”意思比较相近,所以 A 选项入选。B 是胜任的、有能力的,C 是聪明的,D 是保守的。与题不符。

44. Accordin

A. A college student can enrich his knowledge and broaden his mind through formal and informal learning.

B. A college education is likely to be a required credential (文凭)for the career a person wants.

C. A college student who doesn’t work hard can get nothing out of the courses he takes.

D. A college education tends to have long-range effects on a person"s knowledge and values.

【答案】C

【解析】第三段第三行“Even the least dedicated student is bound to learn something from these courses”,意思是:即使是最不专注的学生也一定可以从这些课程中学到一些东西,而 C 选项中说那些不认真学习的学生不能从他们上的课程

中学到东西,和原文相悖,所以 C 选项不对,入选。

45.This passage is primarily concerned with.

A. the change of people"s attitude toward their college education B. the benefits of a college education

C. the result of formal and informal learning

D. the intercommunication among college students

【答案】B

【解析】最后一段讲的是大学毕业生更加博学,更加有才能,能减少偏见……也就是大学教育的各种益处,选 B 选项。A

是人们对大学教育态度的改变,C 是正式和非正式的学习,D 是大学生的相互沟通,A、D无提及,综合来看,B 选项更为切题。

Passage 3

For the most part, rapid economic development has been a favor. But there is a down side to development-health problems such as overweight are all becoming more common, as more people take taxis to work instead of riding their bicycles, and other labour-saving devices become more popular.

An increasingly fast pace of life makes it difficult for people to spend time playing sports. “I know exercise is good for your health,” a young lady said. “ But after a busy work week, the

only thing I want to do is watch some TV and go to sleep.” That attitude may explain the results of

a recent nationwide study, which suggested 15 percent of urban adults in China have heart problems.

Local researchers found that 31. 2 percent of elderly respondents (受访者)were getting enough exercise, but less than 9 percent of youngsters and the middle-aged got enough physical activity.

Elderly people understand the importance of protecting their health. The young people, however, are busy working and use this as an excuse to avoid exercise. In fact, physical exercise doesn"t require much time, money or a special gymnasium. People can make use of any time and any place at their convenience to take part in sports. Walking quickly, cycling, climbing the stairs and dancing are all helpful methods to improve one"s health.

The benefits of adding a little more activity to your life are priceless. “There is no need to be an athlete(运动员),however,”a local doctor said. People should walk for 30 minutes a day and

take part in some other physical activity three to five times a week . He warns,however,that people in poor physical shape should s

46. By referring to rapid economic development as “a favor” at the beginning of the beginning of

the passage,the author means that.

A. it has benefited the general public greatly

B. it has done harm to people"s health nationwide

C. it is going faster than anyone could have imagined

D. it has helped to establish a healthy lifestyle of the public

【答案】A

【解析】“For the most part, rapid economic development has been a favor. But …”,but 后面讲的经济发展带来的坏处,所以前面讲的一定是好的方面,而且第一句意思是极大程度上,快速的经济发展已经带来好处。所以对应 A 选项:让群众非常受益,选 A。B 是对全国人民的健康有害,是 but 后面说的内容;C 是比任何人想象的都发展得快,D 是帮助群众建立健康的生活方式。和题目说的不相符。

47. Rapid economic development has resulted in all the following EXCEPT.

A. an increasing number of taxi passengers

B. the wide use of labour-saving devices

C. an increasing fast pace of life

D. people"s awareness of the importance of exercise

【答案】D

【解析】题目问的是快速的经济发展没有导致哪一个,定位到第一段的最后一句和第二段的开头“more people take taxis to work instead of riding their bicycles, and other labour-saving devices become more popular”、“An increasingly fast pace of life makes it difficult for people to spend time playing sports”,对应 A,B,C 选项,D 选项未提及,所以选 D。

48. The young people do not have enough exercise because.

A. they don"t have the time for it

B. they are ignorant of the benefits of exercise

C. they are too weak to participate in physical activity

D. they are short of money

【答案】A

【解析】“The young people do not have enough exercise”定位到第四段第二句“The young people, however, are busy working and use this as an excuse to avoid exercise”,意思是年轻人忙于工作并用工作来作为避免锻炼的借口,“avoid exercise”和“do not have enough exercise”是同义复述,A 是没有时间锻炼,B 是忽视了锻炼的好处,C 是太瘦弱了以致不能参加体育活动,D 是他们缺钱。综观四个选项,A 与文意相符,所以选 A。

49. According to the passage, who need regular exercise most? A. Only young and middle-aged ladies.

B. Urban adults with full-time jobs.

C. Elderly people suffering from high blood pressure. D. Local doctors and youngsters.

【答案】B

【解析】“need regular exercise most”定位到“That attitude may explain the results of a recent nationwide study, which suggested 15 percent of urban adults in China have heart problems”,意思是一份研究表明 15%的城市人有心脏问题,综观四个选项,只有 B 比较符合文意,所以选 B。

50. What is the main idea of the last paragraph?

A. Many people are still unable to afford the cost of physical exercises.

B. Nobody should take part in physical activity in order to de an athlete.

C. Moderate physical exercise is usually enough for ordinary people.

D. Old or sick people should only take part in physical exercises of the slowest type.

【答案】C

【解析】最后一段讲了适度运动的益处,对应 C 选项:适度的体育运动通常对一般人是足够的,所以选 C。A 是很多人仍然不能负担得起体育活动的费用,B 是没人会为了成为一名运动员而参加体育运动, D 是老人或者病人应该只参加最慢类型的体育运动。题目问的是最后一段,选项 A 不是最后一段说的,而且说法错误;B、D 是对最后一段的误解。

Passage 4

When he was young, Jacob Lawrence often walked more than sixty blocks from his home in the Harlem section of New York City to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Jacob wanted to be an artist, and he believed that studying the famous painting hanging in that museum would help him.

The year was 1930. The depression (经济萧条)had brought hard times.

As he walked through Harlem, Jacob noticed the people on the sidewalks. He looked hard at the churches, the funeral parlors and barbershops. Jacob stored those images in his mind, along with the images of paintings he saw in the museum.

Jacob came from a poor family. His mother believed there was little chance that her son could grow up to be a successful painter. She wanted him to aim for something more practical. But Jacob"s teacher in an afterschool art program saw that the youngster was talented. Alston showed him how to use poster paints and crayons (蜡笔)to make masks and stage sets.

As time passed, Alston let Jacob rent work space in his own studio. That was an exciting place for a young black man struggling to become an artist. Many creative people gathered there to talk about art and literature and history.

From these conversations, Jacob learned that history books often ignored the accomplishments of African Americans. He decided to paint a series of pictures dramatizing the story of a black hero. He chose Toussaint, a slave from the Caribbean island of Haiti, who had helped free his people from French ruling.

Many people admired Jacob"s pictures, but he needed more than admiration. To help his family, he often had to work at jobs that took him away from painting. Then something encouraging happened. The government set up the Federal Art Project to help struggling artists survive the depression, and a sculptor(雕刻家)named Augusta got Jacob a job with the project.For eighteen months, Jacob was paid a salary to paint pictures. For the first time, he felt like

aprofessional artist.

51.All of the following are TRUE about Jacob EXCEPT that.

A. he often visited the Metropolitan Museum of Art on foot when he was young

B. he grew up in poor circumstances

C. be took art classes in art programs

D. his mother loved him and supported him to become an artist

【答案】D

【解析】A 选项对应第一句“When he was young, Jacob Lawrence often walked… to the Metropolitan Museum of Art”, B 对应第四段第一句“Jacob came from a poor family”,C 对应第四段第三行“Jacob"s teacher in an afterschool art program saw that the youngster was talented. Alston showed him how to use poster paints and crayons (蜡笔)to make masks and stage sets”,而第四段第二句“His mother believed there was little chance that her son could grow up to be a successful painter. She wanted him to aim for something more practical”,意思是他妈妈他能成为成功的画家的几率很小,她想他把心思放在实用的东西上。D 选项后半句他妈妈支持他成为艺术家的说法是错的,所以选 D。

52. Walking a long distance, Jacob.

A. wasted a lot of time

B. felt tired and hungry

C. had a good time sightseeing

D. gained useful experiences for his painting

【答案】D

【解析】定位到第三段“As he walked through Harlem, Jacob noticed …Jacob stored those images in his mind, along with

the images of paintings he saw in the museum”,他走过黑人住宅区时,看到各种事物,他把所看见的储存在自己的脑袋里,连同在博物馆看到的绘画。对应 D 选项:为他的绘画获取有用的体验,所以选 D。A 浪费很多时间,B 又累又饿,C 在游览中很开心,文中都没有提及。

53. Jacob decided to paint a series of pictures dramatizing the story of a black hero

because.

A. the achievements of African Americans were neglected in history books.

B. no one had ever painted black heroes

C. he wanted black people to write books

D. he was a black man from the Caribbean island of Haiti

【答案】A

【解析】定位到第六段第三行“From these conversations, Jacob learned that history books often ignored the accomplishments of African Americans. He decided to paint a series of pictures dramatizing the story of a black hero”,意思是他发现历史书经常忽视非裔美国人的成就,对应 A 选项,所以选 A。

54. The government set up the Federal Art Project to.

A. provide a chance for all creative people to display their abilities

B. finance those poor artiste through depression

C. offer permanent(永久性的)jobs to talented painters and sculptors

D. pay artists salary during eighteen months

【答案】B

【解析】定位到最后一段“The government set up the Federal Art Project to help struggling artists survive the depression…”,是为了帮助在经济大萧条时期努力的艺术家,对应 B 选项,所以选 B。

55.It can de inferred from the passage that.

A. Jacob gained both fame and wealth from painting

B. Jacob could never become an artist if he did not live in Harlem

C. Jacob often went to the barber shop to have his hair cut

D. Jacob was a very popular black painter

【答案】D

【解析】最后一段“To help his family, he often had to work at jobs that took him away from painting”,为了维持生计,他常常不得不做出了画画以外的工作,所以 A 选项说法错误;B、C 没有提及;第五段第二句“That was an exciting place for a young black man struggling to become an artist”(那是一个年轻黑人为成为艺术家而奋斗的地方)和最后一段第一句“Many people admired Jacob"s pictures”(很多人欣赏他的画),对应 D 选项,所以选 D。

Part III Cloze (10%)

Hare you 56 asked yourself why children go to school? You will probably say that they go 57 languages, arithmetic, history, science and 58 subjects. That is quite true; but why do they learn these things? And are these t

We 60 our children to school to 61 them for the time 62 they will have to work 63 themselves. Nearly everything they study at school has some 64 use in their life, but is that the only reason 65 they go to school?

There is 66 in education than just learning facts. We go to school 67 all to learn how to learn , 68 when we have 69 school, we can continue to learn. A man who really knows 70 will

always be successful, because 71 he has to do something new which he has never had to do 72, he will rapidly teach himself how to do it in the best 73 . The uneducated person, 74 , is probably unable to do something new, or does it badly. The purpose of schools, therefore, is not just to teach languages, arithmetic, etc. , 75 to teach pupils the way to learn.

56.A.eitherB.whetherC.everD. as well

【答案】C

【解析】 句子意思是:你曾经问过你自己为什么孩子要去上学吗?所给选项中只有ever 能填进去,固定结构 have ever been,所以选 C。A 是指两者中任一个,B“是否”,D“也,同样地”。

57.A.learnB.to learnC.and leaningD. and to learn

【答案】B

【解析】go to do sth,横线前是 go,所以应填 to learn,选 B。A 要加 to,C 和 D 中 and 前后要时态一致,应为 go and learn。

58.A.all another B.the other allC.all the other D. the all other

【答案】C

【解析】文中是指其他全部的科目,所以选 C。A 是另一的意思,B、C 没有这样的用法。

59.A.thoseB.onesC.everyD. all

【答案】D

【解析】句子意思是这些就是他们在学校学的全部吗?所以选 D。A 那些,B 任何,C 每个,三项都与题不符。

60.A.sendB.presentC.appointD. select

【答案】A

【解析】send our children to school 送孩子去学校,符合题意,选 A。B 赠送、呈现,C任命、指定,D 挑选。

61.A.relyB.prepareC.make D. get

【答案】B

【解析】意思是为以后做准备,所以选 B 比较合适。A 依靠,C 使得、制造,D 使得、得到。这三项代入原文都不符。

62.A.thatB.when C.while D. as

【答案】B

【解析】横线前是 the time,明显是时间状语从句,填 when,所以选 B。其他三项都不能引导时间状语从句。

63.A.for B.onC.withD. to

【答案】A

【解析】横线后是 themselves,work for 意思是为他们自己而工作,B 是 work on sth.从事某事,work with sb.与某人工作, D 没有 work to。所以选 A。

64.A.trueB.fortunateC.lucky D. practical

【答案】D

【解析】句中 in their life,所以填的应是“实用性的用处”,选 D。B、C 幸运的,同义,可以都排除。A 真实的,“实用的”和“真实的”,“实用的”比较切合题意。

65.A.whyB.which C.becauseD. what

【答案】A

【解析】the reason why they go to school 为什么要去上学的原因,reason 一般跟的是 why 引导的从句,所以选 A。B、C、D 代入不符。

66.A.muchB.mo

【答案】D

【解析】than 是比较级的标志,选项中只有 D 是比较级,所以选 D。A、C 很多,B 最高级,多数的。

67.A.aboveB.overC.onD. in

【答案】A

【解析】固定搭配 above all 首先,句意是我们上学首先是要学会怎样去学习,所以选 A。其他三项代入不符。

68.A.so asB.and thatC.so thatD. such that

【答案】C

【解析】句子前后是因果关系,意思是:我们要在上学时学会如何去学习,以致于当我们离开了学校时,可以继续学习。

所以选 C。A 只要,B、D 都不符。

69.A.remainedB.leftC.got outD. sent

【答案】B

【解析】根据句意是我们离开学校的时候,所以选 B。A 保持,与题不符;C 应为 got out of;D 应加 to,而且意思也不符合。

70.A.how learnedB.how to learnC.to how learnD. how learning

【答案】B

【解析】how to learn 如何学习,所以选 B。没有 A、C、D 的搭配用法。

71.A.wheneverB.whicheverC.whateverD. however

【答案】A

【解析】根据句意是“无论什么时候”,选 A。B 无论哪一个,C 无论什么,D 无论如何,代入都不符。

72.A.agoB.laterC.beforeD. after

【答案】C

【解析】意思是以前没做过的事,所以选 C(以前)。A 在…以前,和时间搭在一起用,不单独用;B、D 以后,与题不符。

73.A.pathB.courseC.roadD. way

【答案】D

【解析】意思是以最佳的方式,way 道路、方式,所以选 D。A、B、C 都有道路的意思,但没有这样的用法。

74.A.on another handB.on other handC.on the other hand D. in the other hand

【答案】C

【解析】固定搭配 on the other hand 在另一方面,所以选 C。A、B、D 没有这样的搭配。

75.A.andB.thatC.butD. so

【答案】C

【解析】考察固定句型 is not just to…but to 不仅仅是…而是…,所以选 C。其他三项没有这样的用法。

Part IV Writing (15%)

76.你叫王宏,将于 7 月份毕业。今年全国有 600 多万大学毕业生,加上国际金融危机(Hnancieil crisis),国内就业市场比较严峻。到目前为止,你已经参加了多次招聘会(job fair),却未收到多少满意的答复。但是,你不会放弃,仍将继续努力,争取找到自己满意的工作。请给你的父母或好 友写一封信,汇报一下你目前找工作的情况。内容要积极乐观,对前途充满信心,请收信人放心。

温馨提示:格式要符合英文信件要求;你的作文可以包括但不只限于上述内容;请勿直接将上述说明译成英语,要结

2009 年广东省普通高等学校本科插班生招生考试英 语 试 题 答 案

l.C2.C3.C4.C5.B6.C7.B

8.C9.A10.C11.B12.C13.D14.B15.A

16.B17.A

18.A19.B20.A21.D

22.D

23.D24.C25.D26.A27.A28.C

29.B30.B

31.A32.B33.B34.D

35.A

36.D37.A38.B39.C40.A41.C

42.D43.A

44.C45.B46.A47.D48.A

49.B

50.C

51.D

52.D

53.A

54.B

55.D56.C

57.B58.C59.D60.A61.B 62.B63.A64.D65.A66.D67.A

68.C69.B

70.B71.A72.C73.D

74.C75.C

Part IV Writing (15%)

76. (omitted)

作文评分标准:

2 分一未按书信格式写作;条例不清,思路混乱,内容不明确,语言支离破碎,只有几个语

句 ,且 大部分句子有严重语言错误; 5 分一按书信格式写作,基本切题,表达思想基本清楚,但连贯性差,有 较多的语言错误,字数少于 80; 8 分一按书信格式写作,比较切题,但仍有些地方表达不够清楚,文 字基本连贯;仍有少数较严重语言错误;字数少于 80; 11 分一按书信格式写作,十分切题,表达思想 清楚,文字连贯,但有少量语言错误,字数不少于 100; 14 分一按书信格式写作,很切题,表达思想 十分清楚,行文相当通顺,连贯性较好,基本上无语言错误,字数不少于 100。

www.lovfp.com true http://tycyz.86psb.net/seduzx/100161353/295862538.html report 32503 为您提供全方面的2009年专插本英语真题和答案详细解析相关信息,根据用户需求提供2009年专插本英语真题和答案详细解析最新最全信息,解决用户的2009年专插本英语真题和答案详细解析需求,原标题:2009年专插本英语真题和答案详细解析公众号【广东专插本报考】ID:gdzcb100Part1VocabularyandStructure(35%)1.Nearlytwothousandyearshavepassed...
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