推荐2019版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Global warming达标巩固练(含解析)新人教版选修6

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Unit 4 Global warming

李仕才

一、阅读理解。

This time last year I entered two long-distance mass-participation swimming events,including the Jubilee River 10 km swim.At the last minute,just before both swims,I decided to pull out.The reality is,I live in fear of coming last.

Last year,before the two events,I realized that I couldn't deal with coming last.I had looked at the swim times of those who had completed the previous year and calculated that,at my current swim pace,I would probably have come last in both.I just couldn't face it.But when next year came around,I decided to enter those same events again.

For a few months,I trained hard,but I didn't get any faster.Then it was June 5,the day of the Jubilee River 10 km.The event started at 9:30 a.m.,and the swimmers were anxious and eager to start.As I swam along,the river was quiet and clean and everything was peaceful.The sun shone.Meadows(草地)rolled by and every now and then someone would wave at the scene unfolding in the water.

As the day wore on,somehow I didn't mind that,predictably,almost everyone was ahead.There were at least some swimmers still near me,and although we shared the same river we quietly occupied our own spaces.As I concentrated on doing my own thing,watching the sky,the bank,the other swimming caps passing or not passing,I realized I was enjoying myself.

In the end,four hours and 29 minutes after I'd started,I staggered(摇摇晃晃地走)out of the water and was greeted with a smile and a“well done”from the race organizer.I glanced back over my shoulder toward the water and noticed that there were a small handful of swimmers who were still to finish,behind me,out of a field of around 300 swimmers.But it didn't matter.I_was_just_relieved,proud_and_happy_to_finish.

As I drove away,my thoughts turned to my next long race of the season and how much I was looking forward to it,my fears of coming last gently receding(渐渐远去).

1.The author intended to quit swimming mainly because ________.

A.she feared that she couldn't finish the two races

B.she was afraid that she would let family members down

C.she was unwilling to accept the possibility of finishing last

D.she wasn't fully prepared for the two races

2.The author hopes to convey the message that ________.

A.never give up when facing challenges

B.it is process that matters most

C.failure is the mother of success

D.winners always take it all

3.What does the underlined sentence mean in Paragraph 5?

A.She took pride in leaving all the other swimmers behind.

B.She was proud that she was not the last one in the race.

C.She was glad to finish the race and had a sense of relief.

D.She was proud to be praised by the organizer.

4.It can be inferred from the end that the author is likely to ________.

A.participate in another race without any hesitation

B.analyze the reason why she failed in the race

C lose confidence completely

D.decide whether she is suitable for the race

【解题导语】作者通过描述自己参加游泳比赛的经历告诉我们最后一名并不可怕,关键是要学会享受比赛的过程。

1.C 考查细节理解。根据第一段最后一句可知,作者放弃比赛是因为害怕自己是最后一名。故选C项(她不愿接受成为最后一名的可能性)。

2.B 考查推理判断。根据倒数第三段最后一句可知,在游泳的过程中,当作者关注自己的事情时,无论别人游得快慢,作者都不介意,并且意识到自己乐在其中。所以作者想要传达给我们的信息是:过程最重要。故选B项。

3.C 考查词义猜测。结合前一句But it didn't matter.可知,relieved意为“减轻的;缓和的”,这和C项中的a sense of relief(解脱感)意思相符;proud and happy to finish在句中作伴随状语。该句意为“我只是松了一口气,为自己完成比赛感到骄傲和快乐”。故选C项。

快解:本题可先分析选项,根据C项中的a sense of relief可判断,这是正确选项,该短语与画线句中的relieved为同义表达。

4.A 考查推理判断。根据最后一段中的my thoughts turned to my next long race of the season and how much I was looking forward to it可知,作者盼望着参加下一次比赛,故选A项(毫不犹豫地参加另一次比赛)。

二、语法填空。

One day a young man was walking along the road when he heard a cry. It seemed __1__ (come) from underneath a bridge. As he approached the bridge, the sound got louder and then he saw __2__ pitiful sight. There, __3__ (lie) in the muddy riverbed, was a little dog about two months old, __4__ front legs were tightly tied with ropes. It had wounds on its head and was covered with mud.

The young man wanted to help the dog, but as he approached, the dog started to bark. The young man did not give up. He sat down and started __5__ (gentle) talking to the dog. It took a long time but eventually the dog __6__ (stop) barking and the man was able to touch it. The young man carried the dog home, cared __7__ its wounds, and gave it food and water. Even with all of this, the dog was still __8__ (friend) every time the young man approached. But the young man did not give up. Weeks went by and the man continued __9__ (attend) to the dog. Then one day, as the young man approached, the dog wagged its tail.

__10__ was consistent love and kindness that won a lifelong friendship of loyalty.

1.________  2.________  3.________  4.________  

5.________  6.________  7.________  8.________  

9.________  10.________

篇章导读:本文是一篇记叙文。一个年轻人在大桥下拯救了一只受伤被弃的狗,尽管小狗一开始不太友好,但他仍十分耐心地照顾它,最终小狗接纳了他。这个故事告诉人们,只有始终如一的爱才能赢得终身忠诚的友谊。

1.to be coming 考查非谓语动词。句意:哀叫声好像来自桥下面。seem to do sth. “似乎要做某事”。根据句意可知,声音是正在传过来,应用动词不定式的进行时。故填to be coming。

2.a 考查冠词。sight是第一次出现的单数可数名词,故填不定冠词a,表泛指。

3.lying 考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知,这是一个there be句型。动词lie与其逻辑主语dog之间是主动关系,应用现在分词表伴随。故填lying。

4.whose 考查定语从句的引导词。分析句子结构可知,关系词引导非限制性定语从句,修饰先行词dog,且从句主语front legs与先行词为所属关系,故填whose。

5.gently 考查词性转换。应用副词修饰动词短语,故填所给词gentle的副词形式gently。

6.stopped 考查动词的时态。根据上文提示词took可知,事情发生在过去,故填动词的过去式stopped。

7.for 考查介词。care for是固定搭配,意为“照顾”。故填介词for。

8.unfriendly 考查词性转换。根据前后语境,尤其是关键词“even”和“still”可知,此处是表否定意义;be动词后接形容词,作表语。故填unfriendly,意为“不友好的”。

9.attending 考查非谓语动词。continue doing sth.意为“继续做某事”,故填attending。

10.It 考查强调句。“It is/was+被强调部分+that ...”是强调句结构,故填it。

三、完形填空。

Make Good Memories

My husband Bill's Grandma was in a nursing home when we moved back to Michigan.Grandma had been unable to walk for quite some time;now her eyesight was almost gone.

Over the years Grandma and I had __1__ many cards and letters.I knew how she enjoyed __2__ in touch with people.Grandma would have me write letters to go in the cards she would send.And she would always have me __3__ what I had written back to her.Grandma didn't have a problem with hearing then __4__ she was always telling me,“That is not __5__ how I said that!” I would then rewrite whatever I wrote in her exact words.

Since I had some __6__ time before Christmas,I asked Grandma if she would like to send __7__ some Christmas cards.Grandma readily __8__.I rounded up several different kinds of cards.I knew she had friends and family who all had different __9__.I would take each card and __10__ in detail the front of the card,then I would read the words inside.After __11__ it over Grandma would tell me who she thought would like __12__ card.

After a while I __13__ and I noticed that we had several nursing home __14__ standing in the doorway.I started to notice as I read each card,the __15__ on their faces and Grandma's face,too.Each one had a __16__ smile and a far-away look in their eyes,as they were seeing the scenes in their minds' eye.

I thought when I went over to do the Christmas __17__ I would be doing Grandma a favor,but it __18__ that she did me a big favor.I'll always __19__ this special memory of bringing some Christmas joy and pleasant __20__ to Grandma and her fellow residents.

1.A.exchanged B.changed

C.traded D.switched

2.A.settling B.losing

C.staying D.getting

3.A.write B.discover

C.translate D.read

4.A.when B.because

C.while D.though

5.A.carefully B.truthfully

C.specially D.exactly

6.A.extra B.flying

C.essential D.valuable

7.A.for B.up

C.out D.away

8.A.acknowledged B.agreed

C.admitted D.rejected

9.A.addresses B.advantages

C.occupations D.interests

10.A.describe B.communicate

C.distinguish D.ignore

11.A.talking B.turning

C.taking D.thinking

12.A.another B.each

C.one D.other

13.A.looked down B.looked over

C.looked up D.looked through

14.A.immigrants B.visitors

C.patients D.residents

15.A.attention B.look

C.glance D.sight

16.A.gentle B.rough

C.forced D.whispered

17.A.trees B.jobs

C.decorations D.cards

18.A.turned over B.turned out

C.came over D.left out

19.A.treasure B.admire

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