推荐2019版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Astronomy the science of the stars达标巩固练(含解析)新人教版必修

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Unit 4 Astronomy the science of the stars

李仕才

***阅读理解。

It was a normal school day for senior Solymar Solis until an unexpected visitor arrived.Her dad,Sgt.Carlos Solis Melendez,surprised her by coming home early from Kuwait and visiting her unannounced at Spring Valley High School in South Carolina.

After serving in Kuwait for nine months,Melendez returned home a week earlier than his daughter expected.He held balloons and flowers in a classroom as he sat at a student's desk to blend in with the crowd.“It came to my mind like‘How is she going to react?’,”he recalled the heartwarming moment.“Is she going to be happy and run to me and hug me,or cry?That was all going on through my mind.”

As unsuspecting Solymar entered the classroom,she was soon overcome with emotion,immediately bursting into tears and covering her mouth.She didn't talk.She was just crying.She was overwhelmed with everything.She thought it was a dream.

Melendez was a single parent so when he was deployed(调动),he got his sister to live with his daughter.When he was coming back and talking to his sister,both of them came to the conclusion that they should do something special for his daughter.Melendez and his sister got in touch with the school,and they planned this whole being-in-the-classroom thing,and it turned out perfect.

The two are very much looking forward to some good daddy-daughter time now that he's home.“It means everything,”Melendez said of being able to surprise his daughter this way.“After all the sacrifices she's made,she deserves all the special arrangements and special occasions and celebrations.I'll do anything for my daughter.I believe I'm doing good parenting.”

1.How did Solymar feel at first when entering the classroom?

A.She was eager to hug her father.

B.She felt everything was as usual.

C.She got excited at seeing her father.

D.She was surprised by what she saw.

2.What was Melendez's attitude to the surprise?

A.Content. B.Astonished.

C.Touched. D.Upset.

3.Why did Melendez plan the surprise for Solymar?

A.To get involved in her school life.

B.To show his concern for her in a special way.

C.To build a strong emotional bond with her.

D.To make up for what she lost in her growth.

4.What can be the best title for the passage?

A.Father's Selfless Love for His Daughter

B.Girl Expecting the Returning of Her Dad

C.Girl Surprised at School by Her Dad's Return

D.Father and Daughter's Expected Reunion

【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了在姐姐和女儿学校的帮助下,一位在科威特工作的父亲提前回家在女儿的教室为她准备了一个惊喜的故事。

【难句分析】When he was coming back and talking to his sister,both of them came to the conclusion that they should do something special for his daughter.

分析:这是一个复合句。When he was coming back and talking to his sister是一个时间状语从句,that they should do something special for his daughter是一个同位语从句。

译文:当他回来和他姐姐说起(这个问题)的时候,他们俩得出一个结论:他们应该为他的女儿做一些特别的事情。

1.B 考查细节理解。根据第一段“It was a normal school day for senior Solymar Solis”中的“a normal school day”和第三段“As unsuspecting Solymar entered the classroom”中的“unsuspecting”可知,Solymar那天刚进入教室时感觉到一切如往常一样,故选项B正确。unsuspecting意为“无疑心的,不知情的”。根据第三段中的“she was soon overcome with emotion,immediately bursting into tears and covering her mouth.She didn't talk.She was just crying.She was overwhelmed with everything.She thought it was a dream”可知,选项A“她渴望拥抱她的父亲”和选项C“看到自己的父亲她很兴奋”及选项D“她对她看到的一切感到吃惊”,不是题干at first对应的信息,而是发现自己的父亲为自己准备的惊喜后所产生的情感。故均可排除。

2.A 考查推理判断。根据第四段末句中的“and it turned out perfect”和第五段中的“she deserves all the special arrangements...I'm doing good parenting”可以推断出,这位父亲对这次为女儿准备的惊喜是非常满意的(content)。所以选项A正确。astonished“吃惊的”;touched“受感动的”;upset“心烦意乱的”。Melendez精心准备了这次惊喜,一切也如计划一样发展,因此他很满意,所以选项B、C和D都不符合语境。

3.D 考查推理判断。根据第四段的描述可知,Solymar的父亲在外工作,把她托付给姐姐照顾,这次提前回来并在姐姐和学校的帮助下安排了这次特别的见面。同时结合第五段父亲的话可以看出,他之所以这样做就是为了弥补(make up for) Solymar在成长过程中缺失的父爱。所以选项D正确。

4.C 考查主旨大意。根据全文的内容,尤其是首段第一句中的“until an unexpected visitor arrived”以及末段中的“Melendez said of being able to surprise his daughter this way”可知,父亲为了给女儿一个惊喜,所以提前回家,并在女儿所在的教室精心准备了这次见面。所以选项C体现了文章的主旨,最适合作标题。

***语法填空。

Last December my mother and I __1__(fly) to London. The first thing we did was to go on a bus sightseeing tour.

This is the best way to see all the sights and learn all about the history of the city. By the time the tour was over it was dark. The Christmas lights were very colorful. And __2__really impressed me was so many people made __3__(they) way home through the heavy traffic on bicycles. I was looking forward to spending the next day in Oxford Street with all its __4__(amaze) shops.And what __5__wonderful experience that was! We bought a ticket for the underground and could go everywhere very quickly.

Wespentallmorningshoppingandadmiringthe Christmas displays inside the shops and out in the streets. Then we went to a wax museum __6__(call) Madame Tussauds (杜莎夫人蜡像馆), which had a lot of wax __7__(figure) of famous people.My mother took a picture of me standing __8__Prince Charles and Prince Harry. From there we took the tube to Buckingham Palace, the home of the two princes, to watch the Changing of the Guard but __9__(fortunate) we couldn't really see well as there were thousands of tourists waiting __10__(take)photos of the ceremony.

1.________  2.________  3.________  4.________  5.________  6.________  7.________  8.________  9.________  10.________

篇章导读:本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了作者和妈妈去年12月坐飞机前往英国伦敦旅游的经历。

1.flew 考查动词的时态。由时间状语“Last December”可知,应用一般过去时,故填flew。

2.what 考查主语从句的连接词。分析句子结构可知,空处引导主语从句且在从句中作主语,所填词意为“……的事物”,故填what。

3.their 考查代词。make one's way意思是“前往”,且主语为people,故填their。

4.amazing 考查词性转换。amaze意思是“使惊奇”,它的形容词amazing意思是“令人惊奇的”,常用来修饰物。由shops可知应填amazing。

5.a 考查冠词。此处是what引导的感叹句,句中experience作名词,意为“经历”,是可数名词,所以要用不定冠词修饰,故填a。

6.called 考查非谓语动词。call与wax museum为动宾关系,故此处应用过去分词作后置定语,故填called。

7.figures 考查名词的数。此处表示“那里有许多名人的蜡像”。由“a lot of”可知,此处要用可数名词的复数形式,故填figures。

8.between 考查介词。between ... and表示“在……之间”。

9.unfortunately 考查副词。根据空后的“we couldn't really see well”可知,应用提示词的否定形式,且要用副词来修饰整个句子。故填unfortunately。

10.to take 考查非谓语动词。wait to do sth. “等待做某事”,为固定用法。

***完形填空。

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可能填入空白处的最佳选项。

It was 3 am,a cold and wet night,on August 21,2010.I had just left a local club to travel ten kilometers home when I lost __1__ of my car on Grand Junction Road in Hope Valley.

I __2__ into a still car that was __3__ in front of a house,and then hit a tree.I was badly injured!__4__ still,I had no idea that a fire had started __5__ the bonnet (引擎盖)of my car.

__6__ in the car behind me was a young man,who I later found out was called Jared.He saw the accident occur and __7__ to help me out of the car.He put his own life in __8__ when he got into the back seat trying to undo my seat belt.

With my seat belt __9__ ,Jared then broke the driver's window to drag me out.He __10__ did this while my car was burning.__11__ by the crash,the homeowners came out to investigate(调查).Jared told them to ring emergency services __12__ he continued to help me out of the car.

I __13__ my life to Jared and I consider him a good friend due to the __14__ bond created on the night he dragged me to safety.I was rushed to the Royal Adelaide Hospital in a __15__ condition,five bones broken.

I spent a few weeks in hospital,during which time Jared visited me to see how I was __16__.He also continued to contact me after I returned home.He says he doesn't believe that he did anything special.On that,I __17__ disagree with him and am very glad that he didn't get hurt in the __18__.

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