推荐2019版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 3 Under the sea达标巩固练(含解析)新人教版选修7

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Unit 3 Under the sea

李仕才

***阅读理解。

You use her as a shoulder to cry on. She texts you back with casual jokes. But she, Xiaoice, is only a virtual chatbot(虚拟聊天机器人).

Xiaoice, Microsoft’s latest artificial intelligence robot, was briefly released in 2014, and returned to WeChat in 2015, where she became a big hit. Millions of young Chinese now exchange messages with her daily, the New York Times reported. On WeChat, Xiaoice is an official account. After following it, users can start text-based conversations with Xiaoice.

“Her incredible learning ability was why people loved to talk with Xiaoice, ” Liu Jinchang, a researcher at High-tech Research and Development Center under the Ministry of Science and Technology, told China Daily. Apart from her ability to identify photos and send emojis(表情符号)in conversations, Xiaoice gains 45 percent of her knowledge from interacting with users, China Daily reported.

Chatbot programs first appeared in the mid-1960s in the US. Driven by top tech companies, they are becoming smarter and more common. For instance, IBM’s latest artificial intelligence program served as an academic consultant at Australia’s Deakin University, answering students’ questions about course schedules and financial aid. Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa have been used as voice assistants who can read news, play music and even make jokes for their users.

These programs are expected to move beyond smartphones, into televisions, cars and living rooms, the New York Times pointed out. However, it may take decades before scientists develop a “Samantha”, the advanced chatbot seen in the fiction film Her. In the film, Samantha has a romantic relationship with her user played by US actor Joaquin Phoenix. Many viewers were enthusiastic about this fantasy of virtual soul mates.

【文章大意】本文讲述的是人工智能程序的发展情况, 列举了微信上的聊天程序大受欢迎, IBM的人工智能程序能成为顾问, 但是目前这种程序主要应用在智能手机上, 人们期待它将来可以在手机以外的地方使用。

1. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 2 mean?

A. She became a best seller.

B. She became very powerful.

C. She became a money maker.

D. She became very popular.

【解析】选D。推理判断题。根据第二段中Millions of young Chinese now exchange messages with her daily可知, 她在微信上大受欢迎, 很多中国年轻人都喜欢与她聊天, 故选D。

2. Which of the following can Xiaoice do?

A. Do housework.

B. Spread messages.

C. Identify various photos.

D. Read news to her users.

【解析】选C。细节理解题。根据第三段中her ability to identify photos and send emojis可知, 她有能力分辨照片和发送表情符号, 故选C。

3. Which company’s chatbot program can act as an academic consultant?

A. Microsoft.       B. IBM.

C. Apple. D. Amazon.

【解析】选B。细节理解题。根据第四段中IBM’s latest artificial intelligence program served as an academic consultant可知, IBM的最新人工智能程序可以作为学术顾问, 故选B。

4. What can be learned from the last paragraph?

A. Chatbots will be applied to cars soon.

B. Chatbots mainly run on smartphones now.

C. Samantha is played by a US actor in the film.

D. The film Her doesn’t interest many audience.

【解析】选B。推理判断题。根据最后一段中These programs are expected to move beyond smartphones, into televisions, cars and living rooms, 可知, 人们期待这些程序除了应用在智能手机上, 也能应用在电视、汽车、起居室等地, 所以目前是主要应用在智能手机上, 故选B。

***语法填空。

The British have many traditions but there is nothing more typical than taking afternoon tea. We know the Brits have a love affair with drinking tea, __1__ more than 160 million cups drunk every day, but it was the invention of afternoon tea __2__ turned tea drinking into __3__ popular hobby.

This sociable feast involves drinking good quality tea __4__ (comfort) while eating nice sandwiches, a selection of small cakes and so on. And, of course, it can only happen in the afternoon! Afternoon tea, which originally __5__ (design) as a light snack to bridge the gap between lunch and dinner, dates back to the 1840s. It went on to become a __6__ (fashion) social occasion for the upper classes.

Now there is a resurgence (复苏) in its __7__ (popular) in the UK and it is available to anyone who can afford it. __8__ it can be enjoyed at home, the best way to experience it is at a smart hotel or café. But if you're thinking of visiting such a place __9__ (enjoy) a plate of delicious treats with a steaming hot brew, remember the rules you must follow to avoid __10__ (ask) to leave.

Writer Henry James once noted that “there are few hours in life more agreeable than the hour devoted to the ceremony known as afternoon tea” . I'm sure once you try it, you will agree.

1.________  2.________  3.________  4.________  

5.________  6.________  7.________  8.________  

9.________  10.________

篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文。喝下午茶是最为典型的英式传统。浓郁的茶香配上精致、美味的各色茶点让品饮下午茶成为了一件很惬意的事情。本文介绍了下午茶的起源、历史、发展、现状及受欢迎程度。

1.with 考查介词。此处为“with+名词+过去分词”的复合结构用法,在句中作状语。

2.that 考查强调句型。分析句子结构可知,此处为强调句型,“the invention of afternoon tea”是被强调部分,故填that。

3.a 考查冠词。a popular hobby “一个受欢迎的业余爱好”,此处用不定冠词a表示泛指。

4.comfortably 考查词性转换。空处在句中修饰“喝茶”这一动作,充当状语成分,应该用副词。

5.was designed 考查动词的时态和语态。该空在定语从句中充当谓语,design与作主语的关系词之间是被动关系,且由“originally”“dates back to the 1840s”可知应用一般过去时的被动语态。

6.fashionable 考查词性转换。修饰其后的名词短语social occasion,作定语,用形容词。

7.popularity 考查词性转换。该空充当介词in的宾语,所以用名词。

8.Although/While/Though 考查连词。分析句意可知,句子中存在让步的逻辑关系,所以应用连词Although,While或Though来引导让步状语从句。

9.to enjoy 考查非谓语动词。此处为动词不定式在句中充当目的状语。

10.being asked 考查非谓语动词。动词avoid后需接动名词作宾语,并且ask和you之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,故用动名词的被动式being asked。

***完形填空。

My daughter(now 18)was born with a hemangioma tumor(血管瘤)by her eye.At first it was small, and hardly __1__.After five months,it became the __2__ of a coin.__3__ I took her out,people could not __4__ their comments to themselves.“Who hit her?”,“Is that a bug bite?” I never could think of a(n) __5__ response for these people.I was __6__ to be kind and understanding,and assumed that other people had also been taught these __7__.One day I was at the __8__,with my 3-year-old son,my daughter,and at this time pregnant with my third child.A woman __9__ me,I thought here we go __10__.

She said that God must not have wanted my daughter to __11__ him,as he left her with a __12__.She went on to say that __13__ with these kisses were always surrounded by angels.I was astonished.What a __14__,more loving approach to someone with a problem!

My daughter will __15__ this year from High School.She is beautiful.Her early years were spent in and out of __16__.Finally the tumor was removed,because it __17__ her vision.It is not noticeable __18__ in the bright sun.She spent this year as the dance scholar for our school.She danced for 4 years on our dance-drill team.She had __19__ many scholarships.Her life is wonderful.The woman in the mall made me a better parent.Perhaps,this __20__ will help make someone else a better parent,too.

1.A.noticeable    B.bearable

C.recognized D.accepted

2.A.colour B.weight

C.size D.width

3.A.One day B.Every time

C.Later D.Recently

4.A.make B.help

C.tell D.hold

5.A.exact B.appropriate

C.rude D.practical

6.A.learned B.brought

C.considered D.taught

7.A.qualities B.principles

C.questions D.opinions

8.A.party B.office

C.mall D.meeting

9.A.approached B.saw

C.appreciated D.called

10.A.now B.later

C.again D.quickly

11.A.understand B.leave

C.hate D.remember

12.A.scar B.kiss

C.mark D.sign

13.A.mothers B.gods

C.faces D.babies

14.A.stranger B.cleverer

C.kinder D.happier

15.A.develop B.succeed

C.graduate D.improve

16.A.hospitals B.schools

C.illness D.sight

17.A.blocked B.stopped

C.injured D.deepened

18.A.despite B.except

C.although D.because

19.A.given B.proved

C.left D.received

20.A.lesson B.story

C.adventure D.tumor

【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。一个陌生人的暖心话语使作者在女儿的问题上成为了更好的家长,她希望这个故事能够使其他的父母也成为更好的家长。

1.A 考查形容词辨析。根据前面的“At first it was small”可知,此处应指血管瘤刚开始很小,几乎不能被注意到。A项意为“明显的”,符合语境。B项意为“可忍受的”;C项意为“公认的,经过验证的”;D项意为“可接受的”,均与语境不符。故选A项。

2.C 考查名词辨析。上文提到,刚开始,血管瘤很小,几乎不能被注意到;由“After five months”可知,此处与上文形成对比,指五个月后,血管瘤长到硬币那样大。C项意为“大小,尺寸”,符合语境。A项意为“颜色”;B项意为“重量”;D项意为“宽度”,均与语境不符。故选C项。

3.B 考查状语从句。根据语境可知,此处指每次“我”带她出去玩的时候;分析句子结构可知,空格处引导时间状语从句,every time意为“每当……的时候”,可引导时间状语从句,符合题意,而其他三项无此用法。故选B项。

4.D 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知,此处指人们看到“我”的女儿总是无法停下他们的评论。D项意为“停下”,符合语境。故选D项。

5.B 考查形容词辨析。由语境可知,此处指“我”从没想出一个适当的回应给这些人。B项意为“适当的”,符合语境。A项意为“精确的”;C项意为“粗鲁的”;D项意为“实用的”,均与语境不符。故选B项。

...Unit 3 Under the sea达标巩固练(含解析)新人教版选....doc

最新2019版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 3 Under the sea达标巩固练(含解析)新人教版选修7_高考_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 3 Under the sea ***阅读理解。 李仕才 ......

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2019年高考英语一轮复习Unit3Underthesea达标巩固练含解析新人教版选修7_幼儿读物_幼儿教育_教育专区。2019 滴滴答答 的等等 Unit 3 Under the sea ***阅读理解......

2019版高考英语一轮巩固达标练Unit3Underthesea(含解析....doc

2019版高考英语一轮巩固达标练Unit3Underthesea(含解析)新人教版选修7 - 。。。 内部文件,版权追溯 Under the sea ***阅读理解。 李仕才 L......

2019年高考英语一轮巩固达标练题Unit3Underthesea(含解....doc

2019年高考英语一轮巩固达标练题Unit3Underthesea(含解析)新人教版选修7 - Under the sea 李仕才 ***阅读理解。 Old Fossils Scientists......

2019版高考英语一轮巩固达标练Unit3Underthesea(含解析....doc

2019版高考英语一轮巩固达标练Unit3Underthesea(含解析)新人教版选修7 - 拼十年寒 窗挑灯 苦读不 畏难; 携双亲 期盼背 水勇战 定夺魁 。如果 你希望 成功,......

2019年高考英语一轮巩固达标练题Unit3Underthesea(含解....doc

2019年高考英语一轮巩固达标练题Unit3Underthesea(含解析)新人教版选修7 - 内部文件,版权追溯 Under the sea 李仕才 ***阅读理解。 Old Fossils......

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