推荐2019版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 2 The Olympic Games达标巩固练(含解析)新人教版必修2

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Unit 2 The Olympic Games

李仕才

***阅读理解

“It's a big hammer to crack a nut.” This is how one angry parent described the recent crackdown(严厉的打击) by London police on parents who drop their kids off at school by car.Yes,you read that correctly-the very mode of transportation that many American schools insist is the only safe way to deliver kids to school is now considered illegal in the UK.

The decision to fine any vehicles seen dropping off or picking up kids within a particular zone of east London comes from city councilors'(议员) long-term efforts to make the area safer and less crowded.They say they've been trying for years “to encourage reasonable parking”,but in vain.Neighborhood residents complain frequently about their driveways being blocked by illegally parked cars for 15 minutes or more,often while they're trying to get to work,and the streets are long overcrowded.

Now the rules have changed.Some parents are angry.Angie is a mother who made the “big hammer” comment and says the crackdown is “way over the top”.The nearest drop-off point for her six-year-old is now a five-minute walk from the school.Others are happy with the decision,severe though it may seem.

Councilor Jason Frost said:“Traffic has been clearly reduced,and more children are now walking to school,which is a great outcome.I would rather have complaints that we are slightly inconveniencing parents than hear that a child had been seriously injured because nothing was done.”

I witness daily the chaos(混乱)created by these in-town drivers,when I walk my own kids to school.There's a parking lot crowded with vehicles and a slow-moving train of cars moving in circles,many filling the air with harmful smoke.Meanwhile,the conversations around overweight children and the importance of daily physical activities continue to stand out in schools.

1.Why is Angie opposed to the new rule?

A.She is often fined by London police.

B.She will lose her job as a school driver.

C.She has adapted to the American practice.

D.She thinks it adds inconvenience to her kid.

2.Why has the new rule been made according to Jason Frost?

A.On account of many complaints.

B.Because of students' health problem.

C.Owing to safety concern.

D.Due to air pollution.

3.What can be seen after the crackdown is carried out?

A.Less daily chaos.

B.Support from all people.

C.More overweight children.

D.Complaints from neighbors.

4.What is the main idea of the text?

A.Parents attempt to resist a school rule.

B.London police cause widespread anger.

C.American schools care more about kids' safety.

D.Different voices are heard on a new traffic policy.

【解题导语】本文讲述伦敦自实行在学校门口严禁停车这一做法以来的变化。

【难句分析】The decision to fine any vehicles seen dropping off or picking up kids within a particular zone of east London comes from city councilors'(议员)long-term efforts to make the area safer and less crowded.

分析:这是一个简单句。句中不定式短语to fine any vehicles作decision的后置定语;过去分词短语seen...London作vehicles的后置定语;dropping off or picking up kids作补语,补充说明vehicles;不定式短语to make the area safer and less crowded作efforts的后置定语。

译文:对任何在特定区域内被看见停车或者接送小孩的车辆进行罚款的决定来自市议员的长期努力,这些努力是为了使这些区域更加安全和少些拥挤。

1.D 考查推理判断。根据第三段中的“The nearest drop-off point for her six-year-old is now a five-minute walk from the school”可知,对于她6岁的孩子来说,最近的下车点离学校有五分钟的步行路程,据此可推知,Angie认为不能在校门口停车给孩子带来不便。所以选项D正确。选项A的意思是“伦敦警察经常对她进行罚款”,选项B意思是“她将失去校车司机这份工作”,这两个选项的信息在文章中都没有出现,所以都是错误的;虽然文章第一段提到这种在校门口就让小孩下车的方法在美国是常见的方式,但如今在伦敦却是非法的,但是没有提到Angie已经适应了美国的这种惯例,所以选项C也是错误的。

2.C 考查细节理解。根据第二段中的“long-term efforts to make the area safer and less crowded”可知,选项C的表述“Owing to safety concern”是正确的。所以选项C正确。

3.A 考查细节理解。根据第四段中的“Traffic has been clearly reduced, and more children are now walking to school, which is a great outcome”可知,车辆已经明显减少,许多孩子正在步行上学,这是最大的结果,所以选项A正确。

4.D 考查主旨大意。根据全文可知,伦敦学校门口家长停车造成安全事故和交通堵塞,因此议员提议对这一现象进行制止,由此引发家长的议论。因此选项D符合题意。选项A“家长尽力抵制这项校规”是以偏概全;根据第三段中的“Some parents are angry”可知选项B的表述“伦敦警察引发了广泛的愤怒”也是不符合实际的,所以也是错误的;C项表述与文章内容不符,故排除。

***语法填空

Do you make friends __1__(easy)? Do a wall-sit test and you'll find out.

Researchers at the University of Oxford did __2__study with 101 participants aged between 18 and 34. Participants first __3__(fill) out questionnaires about their social lives, and they were then asked __4__ (press) against a wall with their __5__(knee) at right angles (直角) for as long as they could, __6__can be really painful.

The results showed that the longer the participants held the position, the bigger __7__(they) outer network—or distant friends they contacted once or twice a month—was. That was__8__the brain's painkilling system is associated__9__both pain tolerance and social bonding, which means that the more active this system is, the __10__(good) you are at both.

1.________  2.________  3.________  4.________  5.________  6.________  7.________  8.________  9.________  10.________

篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了一项和交友有关的调查,具体方法如下:身体贴墙,膝盖弯曲成直角,根据保持这个姿势的时间长短可以推断出你的社交能力。

1.easily 考查词性转换。此处修饰动词短语make friends,所以要用副词,故填easily。

2.a 考查冠词。句意:牛津大学的研究者们做了一项调查,该调查由18岁到34岁之间的101个人参加。study “调查”,是可数名词,此处泛指“一项调查”,所以用不定冠词a。

3.filled 考查动词的时态。句意:参与者首先填写了关于他们的社交生活的问卷,然后他们被要求尽可能长时间地身体贴墙,膝盖弯曲成直角,这可能很痛苦。分析句子结构可知,该空应填谓语动词,而且是描述过去的事情,所以用一般过去时,故填filled。

4.to press 考查非谓语动词。ask sb. to do sth.为固定搭配,意为“要求某人做某事”,此处是其被动结构形式be asked to do sth.。故填to press。

5.knees 考查名词的复数。knee “膝盖”,是可数名词,其前有their修饰,所以要用复数形式,故填knees。

6.which 考查定语从句的引导词。设空处引导非限制性定语从句,引导词指代整个主句的内容,并且在从句中作主语,故填which。

7.their 考查代词。该空代替的是participants,而且后面有名词network,所以要用复数形式的形容词性物主代词,故填their。

8.because 考查表语从句的连接词。句意:这是因为大脑的镇痛系统与疼痛的耐受性和社会关系都有关,这意味着这个系统越活跃,你在这两个方面表现得越好。此处表原因,故填because。

9.with 考查介词。be associated with为固定搭配,意为“与……有联系”,故填with。

10.better 考查形容词的比较级。“the+比较级,the+比较级”为常用句式,意为“越……,越……”,故填better。

***完形填空。

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可能填入空白处的最佳选项。

(2018·山西省太原市高三年级模拟试题(一))

When my kids were small,I started a tradition in our house of giving eight gifts over the course of the eight days of Hanukkah(光明节).I liked the idea of __1__ a candle every night and giving my children a gift to unwrap to __2__.It was easy to go into a toy store and pick up something __3__ less than$10 each,or even$1 each(at the dollar store).My children didn't ask for anything much in particular and they __4__ whatever they got.

As the years progressed,I __5__ the tradition of eight gifts for each night of Hanukkah.

But this year,Hanukkah __6__ something else.My special-needs son decided that he wanted to __7__ a computer,and it was up to me to buy all the parts of it.When I wouldn't __8__ that,he decided he wanted a P1ayStation.Then Amazon gift cards.Then money.And when it became clear that it wasn't going to happen,he got __9__.

I keep __10__ him that Hanukkah isn't about greed or materialism.It's about the miracle of an oil lamp that __11__ for eight days.It's about being __12__ of our heritage.It's about freedom.

But he __13__.I know deep down that his obsessions(迷恋的物)are out of his __14__ ,and definitely out of mine.Having a special-needs child is as __15__ as it gets.Some days are better than others and not all holidays __16__ the way I hope.But despite his unrealistic requests,he's a(n) __17__ child who is showing me the true meaning of life.

And as we enter a new year and light the __18__ approaching the time,I welcome his differences __19__ I learn how to turn negative requests into __20__ ones.

1.A.buying   B.donating

C.lighting D.drawing

2.A.celebrate B.present

C.send D.play

3.A.at B.for

C.in D.from

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2019版高考英语一轮复习 Unit 2 Working the land达标巩固练(含解析)新人教版必修4 - . Unit 2 Working the land 李仕才 ***阅读理解。 E......

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